Oral Factors Predisposing To Injury Of Permanent Incisors In School Children In Al-Ramadi City

Lamia I.S AL-dulayme


Dental trauma is a serious public problem causing psychology, aesthetic,social and therapeutic problems and its irreversible pa- thology that after occurrence is characterized by life-long debilitating effects.
This study aimed to investigate the oral risk factors for injury to maxillary permanent incisors among Al-Ramadi schoolchildren aged 6-13 years, the result clarified frequency of traumatically injured teeth increase in class II division I, lip incompetent with increase over jet and overbite value more than 4mm but only the over jet more than 4mm and lip incompetent reach the level of significant (p< 0.01)

Thus, special preventive program and correction of predisposing risk factors should be carried out in early mixed dentation


Traumatic teeth, occlusion, overbite, over jet, lip position

Full Text:



Cortes MIS , Marcenes W, Sheiham A. Impact of traumatic injuries to the permanent teeth on the oral health-related quality of life in 12-14-year old children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2002;30:193-8.

Petersson HG, Bratthall D. The caries decline: A review of reviews. Eur J Oral Sci 1996;104:436- 43.

Shirin Al-Asmar Karlsson:Overjet and incisor position as predisposing factors for dental trauma Aretrospective study in orthodontically Treated children. 2006.Master of Medical Science in Stockholm

AdekoyaSofowora,ComfortA; desina ,Olufemi A.; Nasir, Waked Olabamiji Oginni,AdelekeOke; Ugboko,Vincent I : Prevalence and causes of fractured permanent incisors in 12 year-old suburban Nigerian school children : Dental Traumatology, 2009.Volume25, Number 3, , pp. 314-317(4): Blackwell Publishing

Agharred G AL-Kassab: Evaluation of primary schools students with traumatized anterior permanent incisor in relation to different variables in mosul city.Master thesis submitted to college of dentistry, 2005, University of Baghdad

Harry R.,and Sandy J. Orthodontic .Part I:Who needs Orthodotics.J .; 2003, 195(8) :433-438. 7. Shulman-JD .And PetersonJ. : The association between incisor trauma and occlusal characteristics in individual’s 8-50years of age

.Dent. Traumato. 2004. 20(2):67-72 8. Cortes MI.,Marcenes W.,Sheiham A:Prevalence and correlates of traumatic injuries to the permanent teeth of school children aged 9-14 years in Belo Horizonte ,Brazil.Endod.Dent.

Traumatol.; 2001, 17:22- 26

Soud L. I., Abdul Jabbar M.R ,Ahamed N.R :

traumatized anterior permanent incisor teeth in al- amadi city/iraq .Egyptian dental journal ,2010,vol. 56,number 2(part 111) :935-93810-World

Health Organization (WHO): Oral health surveys .Basic method .4th .Geneva,1997.

Mills J.R:Principle and practice of orthodontics, Churchil living stone Company . 1987,2nd ed .,Ch.1 ,PP18-32.

Daskalogiannakis J.Glossary of orthodontic terms .text book .Berlin :Quintessence Publishing CO.,Inc .2000.;pp 212-213,267.

Mcgivery P.,Castleberry D.:McCracken removable partial denture ,U. S.A., 1994.8 th ed.,Ch. 1 ‘pp 5-45.

MckeeJR. : Comparing condyler position repeatability for standardized versus non standardized methods of achieving centric relation .J. of Prosthatic .Dent. 1997. 77(3):280- 287.

Soriano EP, Caldos Jr AF, Carvalloh MV, Amorium Filho HA. Prevalence and risk factors related to traumatic dental injuries in Brazilian school children. Dent Traumatol 2007;23:232-40

Cortes MIS , Marcenes W, Sheiham A. Impact of traumatic injuries to the permanent teeth on the oral health-related quality of life in 12-14-year old children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2002;30:193-8.

Vanderas AP.and Papagianuolis L. : Incidence of dento-facial injurie in children: a2-year longitudinal study .End .Dent.Traumatol. 1999;15:235- 238

Kania MJ.,Keeling SD.,McGorray SP., Wheeler TT.,King GJ:Risk factors associated with incisor injury in elementary school children .Angle Orthod. ; 1996. 66(6)423 -432

Celenk S., Sezging B., Ayna B.,Atakul F:Causes of dental fracture in the early permanent dentition :a retrospective study. J.Endod. 2002.28 (3):208- 210.

Marcenes W., AL-essi ON., Traebbet J:Causes and prevalence of traumatic injuries to the permanent Incisors of school children aged 12 years in jaragua dosul ,Brazil .Int.Dent.J. ; 2000, 50:87-92

O Mullane D.M. some factors predisposing to injury of permanent incisors in school children. Br dent j: 1973; 134:328-32

Jarvinen S :Incisal over jet and traumatic injuries to upper permanent incisors-A retrospective study .ActaOdontol Scand. 1978:36(6)359-362

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26477/idj.v35i2.152


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright by Iraqi Dental Journal

ISSN (Print): 2307-4779 | ISSN (Online): 2411-9741